Choose to study in Canada, and you’ll have the opportunity to encounter vastly different cultural and natural experiences – from the ski slopes of British Columbia to the prairie province of Manitoba, with cities such as Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver and Quebec famously friendly, tolerant and multicultural.
Occupying the northern half of the North American continent, Canada is known for its natural beauty – few nations in the world can boast anything close to its wealth of forests, lakes, and mountains – and for its multicultural diversity. The country has official bilingual status, with English and French used concurrently in government and official documents.
It’s also known for its sparse population (despite being the world’s second-largest country, it has a population smaller than that of just one US state, California) and for its harsh winters. In some parts of Canada, snow covers the ground for almost half the year – but you’re unlikely to find any Canadian universities in those regions!
The two highest Canadian entries are the University of Toronto (31st) and McGill University (32nd), located in Toronto and Montréal respectively (the two largest cities in Canada). Also ranked within the global top 220 are the University of British Columbia, the University of Alberta, Université de Montréal, McMaster University, the University of Waterloo, Western University and the University of Calgary
WHY STUDY IN CANADA?
Canada has the 11th largest economy in the world. It is the member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development (OECD) & Group of Eight (G8).
Logging and oil industries are its two primary wealth producing sectors. It is also one of the leading manufacturers of automobiles and aircraft. Apart from this, it has emerged as one of the popular choices for students for higher education in recent times as it offers innovative curriculums for study in their degrees and has a progressive education system.
In Canada, education is seen as the most desirable route to earning a decent living and enhancing personal growth and happiness. Educated people not only earn higher incomes but also contribute disproportionally to business innovation, productivity, and national economic performance. One of the best parts of studying in Canada is it earns an “A” on its Education and Skills report card, ranking 2nd among 16 peer countries. Canada’s strength is in delivering a high-quality education with comparatively modest spending to people between the ages of 5 and 19.
Canadian educational institutions welcome international students. Many provide specialized services for international students, designed to assist them to integrate into the academic community and to help them throughout their stay.
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN CANADA.
There are more than 10,000 undergraduate and graduate degree programs available in Canadian universities, as well as professional degree programs and certificates. In Canada, there are 90 Universities and 42 SPP Colleges. The difference between Universities and SPP Colleges is that the Universities offer academic programs and SPP Colleges offer specialized courses and they are comparatively less expensive than the Universities.
SPP (Student Partners Program) programs are prevalent it is designed in partnership between the Canadian Visa Offices in India and (ACCC). The Association of Canadian Community Colleges for the purpose of improving the outcomes of visa applications for Indian students who want to go for studies abroad, the primary objective behind this program was to streamline admission and visa process for Canadian Community Colleges which would increase the number of visas issued to Indian students for studying at Canadian Community Colleges.
The degree and diploma from Canadian institutions are among the most widely recognized in the world. The education system in Canada encompasses of both public and private institutions.
- University colleges: As a component of the Canadian university system, University colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical –oriented diploma and certificate.
- Universities: Canadian universities are primarily publicly funded and as a result, offer consistently high-quality education at lower tuition rates for international students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degree from Undergraduate to Doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees.
TUITION FEES AND LIVING EXPENSES
Tuition fees in Canada vary by institution and province, but compare to other countries, the cost of studying in Canada is very affordable.
- Community Colleges (SPP Program) : CAD 10,000 – 17,000 per year
- University Degrees for both UG and PG: UG- CAD 12,000 – 30,000 per year
- Cost of Living: CAD 10,000 per year (includes accommodation, transport, and entertainment).
Scholarships are available for both undergraduate and graduate studies and they can be helpful covering tuition fees in Canada and some of them also cover living expenses. Start early to search for scholarships or grants, it takes time to gather all the documents and prepare an outstanding application.
Note: 1 CAD $ = INR 51 approx
Typically a 2 years Masters program at University requires 16 years of completed education. For Bachelors programs, you need a minimum of 60% in class 12th with Top Universities having cutoffs of 95% marks. For diploma and Graduate certificates, you need a minimum score of 50% in Class XII or your Bachelor’s.
Some science programs evaluate student’s GRE Score among other criteria. MBA programs require GMAT Scores & relevant work experience among other criteria.
English Requirement: Most Canadian universities insist upon a minimum IELTS score of 6.0 for Bachelor’s, Diploma and Advanced Courses, and 6.5 for Graduate, Graduate Certificate and Master’s Programs.
JOBS AND POST STUDY VISA
Canada has many serious advantages that are appealing to international students: English-taught degrees, highly developed economy, high living standards, rich culture and, most importantly, excellent employment opportunities.
- Students are allowed to work part-time on campus during the first 6months of their program and off-campus part-time after that. The duration permitted is up to 20hours per week.
- Canada also offers post-study work right for 1-2 years depending on the course taken.
- The possibility of Immigration: Students with Canadian credentials, qualifications, and work experience can apply and easily secure permanent residency in Canada without having to leave after completing their education. However, this varies for each depending upon points obtained. During the process which takes up to 15 to 18 months to complete, students from India find gainful full-time employment which just adds to their credentials strengthening their application.
Here are some of the best of the jobs that Canada has to offer, with estimated annual salaries.
- Mining and forestry manager: 108,805 CAD
- Oil and gas drilling supervisor: 79,040 CAD
- Air traffic controller: 87,360 CAD
- Statistician and actuaries: 89,606 CAD
- Engineering manager: 94,994 CAD
- Public administration director: 99,195 CAD
- Power systems operator: 84,198 CAD
- Health & community service manager: 100,006 CAD
- Mapping technologist: 68,640 CAD
- Senior business manager: 97,136 CAD
Also, the highest paying jobs in Canada by field of study are available. The amounts are calculated on a yearly basis:
- Dentistry: 99,706 CAD
- Pharmacy: 91,031 CAD
- Veterinary medicine: 73,974 CAD
- Law: 72,981 CAD
- Medicine: 65,333 CAD
- Therapy & rehab: 65,000 CAD
- Engineering: 63,564 CAD
- Computer sciences: 63,462 CAD
Nursing: 62,248 CAD
International Graduate Scholarships in Canada:
- Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships
The scholarships are towards a doctoral degree (or combined MA/ Ph.D. or MD/ Ph.D.) at participating Canadian Universities. The scholarship is worth $50,000 per year for three years.
- University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowships
The University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowships (UMGF) are merit-based awards that are open to students of any nationality who will be registered as full-time graduate students (Masters or Ph.D.) at the University of Manitoba. The fellowships are valued at $18,000 for Ph.D. students or $14,000 for Master’s students for a 12-month period.
- Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation Doctoral Scholarships
The scholarships are open to foreign nationals (with a preference for candidates from the developing world) who are applying to a doctoral program in the social sciences and humanities or registered full-time in the first or second year of such a program at a Canadian university. Its annual value is up to $60,000 per scholar for a maximum of three years.
- University of Waterloo International Master’s and Doctoral Student Awards
Eligible full-time international students starting a research-based master’s program or Ph.D. program will receive an International Student Award valued at $2,045 per term for 2 years (Master’s) or $4,090 per term for 3 years (Ph.D.).
- University of Calgary Graduate Awards
The University of Calgary offers a wide range of full and partial scholarships for international students. Scholarship value range from $1,000 to $40,000 and covers different fields of study.
SOME TOP UNIVERSITIES IN CANADA :
- University of Waterloo
- University of Toronto
- University of British Columbia
- McGill University
- Vancouver Island University: Vancouver, British Columbia
- University of Fraser Valley: Abbotsford, British Columbia
- Dalhousie University: Halifax, Nova Scotia
- Lakehead University, Ontario
- University of Victoria, Victoria
Top SPP colleges:
- George Brown College: Toronto, Ontario
- Niagara College: Welland, Ontario
- Georgian College: Barrie, Ontario
- Douglas College: New Westminster, British Columbia
- Conestoga College: Kitchener, Ontario
- St. Clair College: Windsor, Ontario